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authorTanaka Akira <akr@users.sourceforge.net>2000-03-26 07:25:43 +0000
committerTanaka Akira <akr@users.sourceforge.net>2000-03-26 07:25:43 +0000
commitafe0e139c8fb5acdbd1d744b9be3d7830302c144 (patch)
treeb8688155b023f7ef592fa15a06f388deb82eaf62
parent3a69ea87be4023e93c0ee317e627e72201fac8c7 (diff)
downloadzsh.tar.gz
zsh.tar.xz
zsh.zip
zsh-workers/10250zsh
-rw-r--r--Doc/Zsh/builtins.yo160
-rw-r--r--Doc/Zsh/files.yo15
-rw-r--r--Doc/Zsh/func.yo96
-rw-r--r--Src/Modules/zpty.c2
4 files changed, 150 insertions, 123 deletions
diff --git a/Doc/Zsh/builtins.yo b/Doc/Zsh/builtins.yo
index 68513d208..167ea356d 100644
--- a/Doc/Zsh/builtins.yo
+++ b/Doc/Zsh/builtins.yo
@@ -23,21 +23,19 @@ findex(.)
item(tt(.) var(file) [ var(arg) ... ])(
Read commands from var(file) and execute them in the current shell
environment.
-If var(file) does not contain a slash, or if tt(PATH_DIRS)
-is set, the shell looks in the components of tt($path) to find the
-directory containing var(file).
-Files in the current directory are not read unless `tt(.)' appears
-somewhere in tt($path).
+
+If var(file) does not contain a slash, or if tt(PATH_DIRS) is set,
+the shell looks in the components of tt($path) to find the directory
+containing var(file). Files in the current directory are not read
+unless `tt(.)' appears somewhere in tt($path). If a file named
+`var(file)tt(.zwc)' is found, is newer than var(file), and is the
+compiled form (created with the tt(zcompile) builtin) of var(file),
+then commands are read from that file instead of var(file).
If any arguments var(arg) are given,
they become the positional parameters; the old positional
parameters are restored when the var(file) is done executing.
The exit status is the exit status of the last command executed.
-
-If a file named `var(file)tt(.zwc)' exists, is newer than var(file)
-and is a wordcode created with the tt(zcompile) builtin containing the
-contents of var(file), that file will be used. This allows to speed up
-processing of scripts by creating pre-compiled wordcode files for them.
)
findex(NOTRANS(:))
cindex(expanding parameters)
@@ -1298,76 +1296,96 @@ cindex(compilation)
xitem(tt(zcompile) [ tt(-U) ] [ tt(-z) | tt(-k) ] [ tt(-r) | tt(-m) ] var(file) [ var(name) ... ])
xitem(tt(zcompile) tt(-c) [ tt(-M) ] [ tt(-z) | tt(-k) ] [ tt(-r) | tt(-m) ] var(file) [ var(name) ... ])
item(tt(zcompile -t) var(file) [ var(name) ... ])(
-This builtin command can be used to create and display files
-containing the wordcode for functions or scripts. In the first form, a wordcode
-file is created. If called with only the var(file) argument, the
-wordcode file has the name `var(file)tt(.zwc)' and will be placed in
-the same directory as the var(file). This will make the wordcode file
-be loaded instead of the normal function file when the function is
-autoloaded (see
+This builtin command can be used to compile functions or scripts and
+store the compiled form in a file, and to examine files containing
+the compiled form. This allows faster autoloading of functions and
+execution of scripts by avoiding parsing of the text when the files
+are read.
+
+The first form (without the tt(-c) or tt(-t) options) creates a
+compiled file. If only the var(file) argument is provided, the
+output file has the name `var(file)tt(.zwc)' and will be placed in
+the same directory as the var(file). This will make the compiled
+file be loaded instead of the normal function file when the function
+is autoloaded (see
ifzman(\
the section `Autoloading Functions' in zmanref(zshfunc)
)\
ifnzman(\
noderef(Functions)
)\
-for a description of how autoloaded functions are searched).
-
-If there is at least one var(name) argument, the wordcode for all
-these files will be put in the created wordcode var(file) (if that
-name does not end in tt(.zwc), this extension is automatically
-appended). Such digest files are intended to be used as elements of
-the tt(FPATH)/tt(fpath) special array.
-
-If the tt(-U) option is given, aliases in the var(name)d files will not
-be expanded. If the tt(-r) option is given, the wordcode in the
-file will be read and copied into the shell's memory when they are
-used. If the tt(-m) option is given instead, the wordcode file
-will be mapped into the shell's memory. This is done in such a way
-that multiple instances of the shell running on the same host will
-share this mapped file. If neither tt(-r) nor tt(-m) are given,
-the tt(zcompile) builtin decides which style is used based on the size
-of the resulting wordcode file. On some systems it is impossible to
-map wordcode files into memory. On such systems, the wordcode will
-only be read from the file, independent on the mode selected when the
-file was created.
-
-The tt(-z) and tt(-k) options are used when the wordcode file contains
-functions and these functions are autoloaded. If tt(-z) is given, the
-function will be autoloaded as if the tt(KSHAUTOLOAD) option weren't
-set, even if it is. The tt(-k) makes the function be loaded as if
-tt(KASHAUTOLOAD) were set and if neither of these options is given,
-the function will be loaded as determined by the setting of the
-tt(KSHAUTOLOAD) option at the time the function is loaded. These
-options may also be given in the lists of var(name)s and make all
-following functions be loaded as described.
-
-When creating wordcode files for scripts instead of functions, it is
-often better to use the tt(-r) option. Otherwise the whole wordcode
-file will remain mapped if the script defined one or more functions
-even if the rest of the file will not be used again.
-
-In every case, the created file contains two versions of the wordcode,
-one for big-endian machines and one for small-endian machines. The
-upshot of this is that the wordcode file is machine independent and if
-it is read or mapped, only one half of the file will really be used
-(and mapped).
-
-If given the tt(-c) option, the names have to be names currently
-defined in the shell or marked as autoloaded. The definitions for all
-these functions will be written into the wordcode var(file). If the
+for a description of how autoloaded functions are searched). The
+extension tt(.zwc) stands for `zsh word codes'.
+
+If there is at least one var(name) argument, all those named files
+are compiled into one output var(file). If var(file) does not end
+in tt(.zwc), this extension is automatically appended. Files
+containing multiple compiled functions are called `digest' files,
+and are intended to be used as elements of the tt(FPATH)/tt(fpath)
+special array.
+
+The second form, with the tt(-c) option, writes the definitions for
+all the named functions into var(file). The names must be functions
+currently defined in the shell or marked for autoloading. If the
tt(-M) option is given, too, the var(name)s are used as patterns and
all functions whose names match one of these patterns will be
written. If no var(name) is given, the definitions of all functions
-currently defined or marked as autoloaded will be written.
-
-In the third form, with the tt(-t) option, an existing wordcode file is
-tested. Without further arguments, the names of the original files
-used for it are listed. The first line tells the version of the shell
-the file was created with and how the file will be used (mapping or
-reading the file). With arguments, only the return value is set
-to zero if all var(name)s name files contained in the wordcode file and
-non-zero if at least one var(name) is not contained in it.
+currently defined or marked as autoloaded will be written.
+
+The third form, with the tt(-t) option, examines an existing
+compiled file. Without further arguments, the names of the original
+files compiled into it are listed. The first line of output tells
+the version of the shell which compiled the file and how the file
+will be used (mapping or reading the file). With arguments, nothing
+is output and the return value is set to zero if em(all) var(name)s
+name files contained in the wordcode file, and non-zero if at least
+one var(name) is not contained in it.
+
+Other options:
+
+startitem()
+item(tt(-U))(
+Aliases are not expanded when compiling the var(name)d files.
+)
+item(tt(-r))(
+When the compiled file is read, its contents are copied into the
+shell's memory, rather than memory-mapped (see tt(-m)). This
+happens automatically on systems that do not support memory mapping.
+
+When compiling scripts instead of autoloadable functions, it is
+often desirable to use this option. Otherwise the whole file will
+remain mapped if the script has defined one or more functions, even
+if the rest of the file will not be used again.
+)
+item(tt(-m))(
+The compiled file is mapped into the shell's memory when read. This
+is done in such a way that multiple instances of the shell running
+on the same host will share this mapped file. If neither tt(-r) nor
+tt(-m) is given, the tt(zcompile) builtin decides what to do based
+on the size of the compiled file.
+)
+xitem(tt(-k))
+item(tt(-z))(
+These options are used when the compiled file contains functions and
+those functions are to be autoloaded. If tt(-z) is given, the
+function will be autoloaded as if the tt(KSHAUTOLOAD) option is
+em(not) set, even if it is set at the time the compiled file is
+read. The tt(-k) makes the function be loaded as if tt(KASHAUTOLOAD)
+em(is) set. If neither of these options is given, the function will
+be loaded as determined by the setting of the tt(KSHAUTOLOAD) option
+at the time the compiled file is read.
+
+These options may also be repeated among the listed var(name)s to
+specify the loading style of all following functions, up to the next
+tt(-k) or tt(-z).
+)
+enditem()
+
+The created file always contains two versions of the compiled
+format, one for big-endian machines and one for small-endian
+machines. The upshot of this is that the compiled file is machine
+independent and if it is read or mapped, only one half of the file
+is actually used (and mapped).
)
findex(zmodload)
cindex(modules, loading)
diff --git a/Doc/Zsh/files.yo b/Doc/Zsh/files.yo
index a9377b33c..92ea66303 100644
--- a/Doc/Zsh/files.yo
+++ b/Doc/Zsh/files.yo
@@ -46,7 +46,14 @@ a test of the form `tt(if [[ -o rcs ]]; then ...)' so that it will not
be executed when zsh is invoked with the `tt(-f)' option.
ifnzman(includefile(Zsh/filelist.yo))
-For all of these files pre-compiled wordcode files may be created with
-the tt(zcompile) builtin command. If such a files exists (names like
-the original file plus the tt(.zwc) extension) and it is younger than
-the original file, the wordcode file will be used instead.
+Any of these files may be pre-compiled with the tt(zcompile) builtin
+command (
+ifzman(\
+see zmanref(zshbuiltins)
+)\
+ifnzman(\
+noderef(Shell Builtin Commands)
+)\
+). If a compiled file exists (named for the original file plus the
+tt(.zwc) extension) and it is newer than the original file, the compiled
+file will be used instead.
diff --git a/Doc/Zsh/func.yo b/Doc/Zsh/func.yo
index 7722b2ac0..ac853d9e7 100644
--- a/Doc/Zsh/func.yo
+++ b/Doc/Zsh/func.yo
@@ -31,62 +31,64 @@ sect(Autoloading Functions)
findex(autoload, use of)
cindex(autoloading functions)
cindex(functions, autoloading)
+
A function can be marked as em(undefined) using the tt(autoload) builtin
(or `tt(functions -u)' or `tt(typeset -fu)'). Such a function has no
-body. When the function is first executed, the definition for it will
-be searched using the elements of the tt(fpath) variable. For each
-element, the shell looks for three files: the element plus the
-extension tt(.zwc), a file named after the function plus the extension
-tt(.zwc) in a directory named by the element of tt(fpath) and the name
-of the function without the extension in the same directory. The
-youngest of these files will be used to get the definition for the
-function. The files with the tt(.zwc) extension should be wordcode
-files created with the tt(zcompile) builtin command. The first one
-(with the name of the element from tt(fpath) plus the extension) is
-normally used to contain the definitions for all functions in the
-directory. The latter is intended to be used for individual wordcode
-files for single functions. But of course it is also possible to
-create any number of wordcode files and put their names (including the
-extension) in the tt(fpath) variable. In that case these files will be
-searched for the definition of the function directly without comparing
-its age to that of other files.
-
-The usual alias expansion during reading will be suppressed
-if the tt(autoload) builtin or its equivalent is given the option
-tt(-U), for wordcode files this has to be decided when creating the
-file with the tt(-U) option of the tt(zcompile) builtin command;
-this is recommended for the use of functions supplied with the zsh
-distribution. Thus to define functions for autoloading, a typical sequence
-is:
+body. When the function is first executed, the shell searches for its
+definition using the elements of the tt(fpath) variable. Thus to define
+functions for autoloading, a typical sequence is:
example(fpath=(~/myfuncs $fpath)
autoload myfunc1 myfunc2 ...)
-The elements of the tt(fpath) array may also name wordcode files
-directly. The names of these files must have the tt(.zwc) extension
-but in tt(fpath) the names may be given with or without it. This is
-mostly useful for wordcode files containing multiple
-functions, in which case the file is treated like a directory
-containing files for functions and will be searched for the definition
-of the function.
+The usual alias expansion during reading will be suppressed if the
+tt(autoload) builtin or its equivalent is given the option tt(-U). For
+functions precompiled with the tt(zcompile) builtin command, this has to
+be decided when creating the file; this is recommended for the use of
+functions supplied with the zsh distribution.
+
+For each var(element) in tt(fpath), the shell looks for three files, the
+newest of which is used to load the definition for the function:
+
+startitem()
+item(var(element)tt(.zwc))(
+A file created with the tt(zcompile) builtin command, expected to
+contain the definitions for all functions in the directory named
+var(element). The file is treated like a directory containing files for
+functions and is searched for the definition of the function; the search
+goes on to the next two files if the definition is not found.
+
+If var(element) already includes a tt(.zwc) extension, var(element) is
+searched for the definition of the function without comparing its age to
+that of other files.
+)
+item(var(element)tt(/)var(function)tt(.zwc))(
+A file created with tt(zcompile), expected to contain the definition for
+var(function). It may include other function definitions as well, but
+those are neither loaded nor executed; a file found in this way is
+searched em(only) for the definition of var(function).
+)
+item(var(element)tt(/)var(function))(
+A file of zsh command text, taken to be the definition for var(function).
+)
+enditem()
pindex(KSH_AUTOLOAD, use of)
-If the tt(KSH_AUTOLOAD) option is set, or the file contains only a simple
-definition of the function, the file's contents will be
-executed. It will normally define the function in question, but may
-also perform initialization: this
-is executed in the context of the function
-execution, and may therefore define local parameters. It is an error if
-the function is not defined by loading the file.
+If the tt(KSH_AUTOLOAD) option is set, or the file contains only a
+simple definition of the function, the file's contents will be executed.
+This will normally define the function in question, but may also perform
+initialization; such initialization is executed in the context of the
+function execution, and may therefore define local parameters. It is an
+error if the function is not defined by loading the file.
Otherwise, the function is defined such that its body is the complete
-contents of the file. This form allows the file to be used directly as an
-executable shell script. If processing of the file results in the function
-being re-defined, the function itself is not re-executed. To force the
-function to perform initialization and be called, the file should contain
-initialization code (which will be discarded) in addition to a complete
-function definition (which will be retained for subsequent calls to the
-function), and a call to the shell function at the end.
+contents of the file. This form allows the file to be used directly as
+an executable shell script. If processing of the file results in the
+function being re-defined, the function itself is not re-executed. To
+force the function to perform initialization and be called, the file
+should contain initialization code (which will be discarded) in addition
+to a complete function definition (which will be retained for subsequent
+calls to the function), and a call to the shell function at the end.
For example, suppose the autoload file tt(func) contains
@@ -110,7 +112,7 @@ myfunc "$@")
In fact, the tt(functions) command outputs `tt(builtin autoload -X)' as
the body of an autoloaded function. A true autoloaded function can be
-identifed by the presence of the comment `tt(# undefined)' in the body,
+identified by the presence of the comment `tt(# undefined)' in the body,
because all comments are discarded from defined functions. This is done
so that
diff --git a/Src/Modules/zpty.c b/Src/Modules/zpty.c
index 26896525c..60cf8fae9 100644
--- a/Src/Modules/zpty.c
+++ b/Src/Modules/zpty.c
@@ -211,7 +211,7 @@ get_pty(int *master, int *slave)
return 0;
}
-#else /* ! (defined(__SVR4) || defind(sinix)) */
+#else /* ! (defined(__SVR4) || defined(sinix)) */
static int
get_pty(int *master, int *slave)